East Woodhay Society

The local society for the residents of the wonderful area of Woolton Hill and the local hamlets within East Woodhay

Abbey Wells

Behind Abbey Wells there is a small woodland and a meadow, through which runs a public footpath. As the land through the woods is very wet a board walk has been constructed to allow visitors to admire the beautiful views. The site is a SINC site (ie a Site of Importance for Nature Conservation) and as of March this year is part of Natural England’s Higher Level Stewardship programme.

In 1997 a detailed survey was undertaken by Hampshire & Isle of Wight Wildlife Trust with particular reference to plant life. The results of this study are below. The study was undertaken in July when all the daffodils and some other flowers are no longer visible. It is interesting to note the Himalayan Balsam was not present and Raspberry was rare. These two are now the most common plants.


Latin name Common name Frequency
Agrostis capillaris Common Bent Occasional/Locally Frequent
Alopecurus Pratensis Meadow Foxtail Abundant
Anthoxathum odorartum Sweet Vernal Grass Frequent
Arrhenatherum elatius False Oat Grass Occasional/Locally Abundant
Dactylis glomerata Cocksfoot Occasional
Deschampsia caespitosa Tufted Hair Grass Occasional
Festuca pratensis Meadow Fescue Occasional
Festuca Rubra Red Fescue Frequent
Holcus Lanatus Yorkshire Fog Abundant
Phleum pratense Timothy Rare
Poa trivialis Rough Meadow Grass Occasional
Achillea millefolium Yarrow Rare/Occasional
IS Achillea ptarmica Sneezewort Rare
Aegopodium podagraria Ground Elder Rare
Agrimona eupatoria Agrimony Occasional
Angelica sylvestris Angelica Occasional
IS Carex disticha Creeping Brown Sedge Occasional
Carex Hirta Hairy Sedge Occasional
Carex ovalis Oval Sedge Rare
IS Carex panicea Carnation Sedge Occasional
Centaurea nigra Common Knapweed Occasional
Cerastium fontanum Common Mouse-Ear Occasional
Cirsium arvense Creeping Thistle Occasional
Cirsium palustre Marsh Thistle Occasional/Locally Frequent
Cirsium vulgare Spear Thistle Rare
Conopodium majus Pignut Occasional
Dactylorhiza fuchsii Common Spotted-Orchid Occasional
Equisetum palustre Marsh Horsetail Occasional
Filipendula ulmaria Meadowsweet Occasional/Locally Abundant
Galium aparine Cleavers Occasional/Locally Frequent
Galium uliginosom Fen Bedstraw Frequent
Heracleum sphondylium Hogweed Occasional
Hypericum tetrapterum Square St John’s Wort Rare
Juncus acutiflorus Sharp-flowered Rush Abundant
Juncus conglomerarutus Compact Rush Occasional
Juncus effusus Soft Rush Occasional
Lathyrus pratensis Meadow Vetchling Occasional
Leontodon hispidus Rough Hawkbit Rare
Lotus Pendunculatus Greater Bird’s-foot Trefoil Frequent
Luzula campestris Field Woodrush Occasional
Luzula multiflora Many-headed Woddrush Rare
Potentilla erecta Tormentil Occasional
Potentilla reptans Creeping Cinquefoil Rare
Ranunculus repens Creeping Buttercup Occasional
Rubus fruticosus Bramble Occasional
Rubus idaeus Raspberry Rare
Rumex acetosa Sorrel Occasional
Senicio jacobea Ragwort Rare
IS Stachys officinalis Betony Rare
Stellaria graminea Lesser Stitchwort Occasional
IS Succisa pratensis Devil’s-bit Scabious Occasional/Locally Frequent
Trifolium pratense Red Clover Rare
Trifolium repens White Clover Rare
Uricia dioica Common Nettle Rare/Occasional
Veronica chamaedrys Geremander Speedwell Occasional
Vicia cracca Tufted Vetch R Tufted Vetch Rare
An indicator species is any biological species that defines a trait or characteristic of the environment. For example, a species may delineate an ecoregion or indicate an environmental condition such as a disease outbreak, pollution, species competition or climate change. Indicator species can be among the most sensitive species in a region, and sometimes act as an early warning to monitoring biologists.
Polygonia c-album Comma
Maniola jurtina Meadow Brown
Aphantopus hyperantus Ringlet
Thymelicus sylvestris Small Skipper
Birds These were not part of the study
Corvus corone Carrion Crow
Erithacus rubecula Robin